Survey reveals that per capita cereal consumption in rural areas will be below 10 kg in 2022-23

The latest report from the Ministry of Statistics and Programme Implementation (MoSPI) on Household Consumption Expenditure Survey (HCES) provides insight into the changing trends of cereal consumption in rural and urban areas of India. The data reveals that the monthly per capita cereal consumption in rural areas fell below 10 kg in 2022-23, declining from 11.23 kg in 2011-12. Similarly, urban households also saw a decrease in cereal consumption over the same period.

In rural areas, the highest consumption of cereals was observed in West Bengal, followed by Odisha, Bihar, Rajasthan, and Chattisgarh. On the other hand, Bihar topped the list in urban areas, with Chhattisgarh, Jharkhand, and Rajasthan following suit. The data also reflects the dominance of rice in cereal consumption, with wheat and coarse grains also contributing to the overall consumption pattern.

A noteworthy shift highlighted in the report is the increase in non-food expenditure in rural India, surpassing the 50% mark for the first time in 2022-23. This shift indicates a decrease in the proportion of total expenditure allocated to food items, marking a significant change in consumer behavior over the years.

The survey results further reveal a decline in the share of monthly per capita expenditure (MPCE) spent on food items, both in rural and urban India. This shift in expenditure patterns is expected to impact critical economic indicators such as the consumer price index (CPI), gross domestic product (GDP), and poverty levels.

Despite the changes in consumption patterns, the average MPCE in Indian households has witnessed an overall increase since 2011-12, indicating a rise in income levels. Urban households saw a 33.5% increase in MPCE, while rural households experienced a 40.42% growth over the same period.

In conclusion, the latest data on cereal consumption and expenditure patterns in India shed light on evolving consumer habits and economic dynamics. The report underscores the need for policymakers and stakeholders to adapt strategies to address changing trends and ensure food security and economic stability for all segments of the population.

Back To Top